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Effects of Live, Videotaped, or Written Instruction on Learning an Upper-Extremity Exercise Program

By Julie Allen Reo and Vicki Stemmons Mercer

Background: Today’s health care environment encourages cost containment in many aspects of patient care, including exercise instruction in physical therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether different modes of instruction affect the learning of an exercise program, as measured by retention test performance immediately after the instruction and practice and after a 1-day delay.

Conclusion:Live and videotaped modeling are more effective than a handout alone for achieving performance accuracy of a basic exercise program, as measured by immediate and delayed retention tests.

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